KingscoteKingscote is the largest town on Kangaroo Island, an island off the south coast of South Australia. It is a well established tourist centre, and also the administrative and communications centre. It is home to a colony of the smallest penguins in the world and is South Australia’s oldest European settlement.
At the 2006 census, Kingscote had a population of 1,692.
The South Australia Company established its colony at Kingscote at Reeves Point on 27 July 1836, having arrived on the Duke of York. It was later suggested that Kingscote could serve as the capital of South Australia, but the island’s resources were insufficient to support such a large community; the South Australia Company moved almost six months later to Adelaide after having sent surveyors to find a better site.
The Old Mulberry Tree at Reeves Point was planted in 1836, and still bears fruit. Reeves Point has been placed on the Australian Heritage Places List.
Kingscote has most services & facilities, including a school offering years 1 to 12, a preschool and childcare centre, a modern hospital, ambulance & fire brigade, veterinarian, police station, one major supermarket, variety of shops, post office, banks, 2 hotels, restaurants, galleries, fuel facilities, health centre and Government offices. It is the administrative centre for the Kangaroo Island Council, whose offices have recently undergone a significant upgrade.
There is an extensive wharf and jetty, a unique tidal swimming pool, plus a sports centre and adjoining oval and netball courts, sailing club, bowling and golf club and other various sports and recreation clubs.